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About | Energy Science and Technology Directorate

About the Energy Science and Technology Directorate

The Energy Science and Technology Directorate (ESTD) plays a pivotal role in America’s energy transformation into a clean, efficient, flexible, and secure energy future. Our researchers deliver breakthroughs in energy from generation to distribution and storage to end use in support of Department of Energy missions. ESTD offers a unique culture of entrepreneurship for translating science into solutions for the most critical problems facing society at the nexus of energy and security. 

Our scientists and engineers work with many of America’s best innovators and businesses to research, develop, and deploy cutting-edge technologies and to break down market barriers in sustainable transportation, smart power systems, and energy efficiency for homes, buildings, and manufacturing. Accelerating clean energy technologies development to deployment cycle will help provide affordable and reliable energy to support a thriving economy. 

We bring a multidisciplinary focus to increase understanding of integrated and complex energy systems and to resolve some of the biggest challenges in energy. We are developing new materials for automobiles, buildings and wind turbines, innovating manufacturing processes to drive U.S. economic competitiveness, and devising controls for a secure and resilient power grid.


ESTD is home to four DOE national user facilities dedicated to delivering clean energy innovations. The Building Technologies Research and Integration Center and the National Transportation Research Center develop breakthroughs to improve the energy efficiency of the buildings and transportation sectors. The Carbon Fiber Technology Facility supports technology development and commercial deployment of carbon fiber. The Manufacturing Demonstration Facility focuses on early stage technologies improving the energy and material efficiency, productivity, and competitiveness of American manufacturers. In addition, ORNL’s Grid Research Integration and Deployment Center drives the development of advanced components to enable a secure and resilient power grid.