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A Mobility-Driven Approach to Modeling Building Energy...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
3887 to 3895
Conference Name
IEEE International Conference on Big Data
Conference Location
Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Buildings are one of the primary energy consumers in any city's energy use [12]. Presence and absence of humans is a major contributing factor to the energy use in a building. In this paper, we present an approach to generating a realistic model of human building occupancy throughout a typical work week. We use the Toolbox for Urban Mobility Systems (TUMS) to generate a synthetic population based on population distribution estimates, we schedule the population's daily commute based on National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) survey data, and we simulate their daily travel patterns using an agent-based transportation simulation (TRANSIMS). We process and fuse the simulation output to produce a list of the first and last seen location of each agent in the simulation. Based on the arrival at the last destination, we map each agent to one of the nearby buildings. Using these agent arrivals, as well as NHTS data, we create an hourly occupancy schedule for each building. We successfully demonstrate this workflow at the example of the Chicago Loop, a major business district in Chicago, Illinois.