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Downselection and Basic Properties of Additively Manufactured ODS Alloys

Publication Type
ORNL Report
Publication Date

In the AMMT program the work package for development of new materials aimed to explore the advanced manufacturing techniques that are feasible for the manufacturing of advanced materials components. A merit-based feasibility study was attempted to identify an accelerated development path for dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys by creatively combining additive manufacturing (AM) technologies with the recent advances in ODS materials and traditional manufacturing technologies. For the fiscal year, the primary tasks were focused to develop additive manufacturing (AM) and post-build processing route for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic (Fe-Cr alloy or 14YWT) and austenitic (Fe-Cr-Ni alloys or 316L and 316H) alloys and to perform basic microstructural and mechanical characterizations to provide feedbacks to the alloy and processing design. Further, the multi-laboratory effort created collaboratively a decision criteria matrix to evaluate and downselect the new materials processed by advanced manufacturing methods. This report is to describe the ODS alloy processing routes combining AM processes and post-build thermomechanical treatments, mechanical and microstructural characteristics of the newly developed materials, and the application results of the decision criteria matrix for the AM ODS alloys including a downselected material and feasible processing route. Key mechanical test results including tensile strength, tensile ductility, and fracture toughness data and are reported and explained. Higher strength was measured from the ferritic ODS alloys, while higher ductility and fracture toughness were measured from the austenitic ODS alloys. Many of the decision criteria were scored the same for the AM ferritic and austenitic ODS alloys, however, the generally known fact that the austenitic alloys have higher corrosion resistance and significantly better ductility. Although these scores are not significantly different to make them highly discernable, the austenitic ODS alloys were downselected to be the primary materials group in the future research on ODS materials in AMMT program.