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Evaluating Efficiency and Security of Connected and Autonomous Vehicle Applications...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
Consumer Communications & Networking Conference
Publication Date
Page Numbers
236 to 239
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC)
Conference Location
Virtual conference, Tennessee, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Evaluating efficiency and security of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) requires an environment that can support applications and measurements under real-world conditions. This work introduces our implementation and evaluation of a Connected and Autonomous Vehicle Research Environment (CAVRE). We implement and evaluate an existing CAV application called Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) using physical Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communications between a virtual agent and a real autonomous vehicle operating on a steerable dynamometer. CAVRE allows the follower to autonomously control longitudinal behavior on the dynamometer in order to maintain a steady following time gap from the leader. The effects of a wireless jamming attack on CACC and fuel efficiency is also evaluated. By executing attacks in a controlled environment, we learn how compromised communications can degrade CAV applications. We show that jamming V2V communications can impact CACC’s string stability and decrease fuel efficiency by more than 50%.