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Recursive Blind Forecasting of Photovoltaic Generation and Consumer Load for Microgrids

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2023 IEEE Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 5
Publisher Location
Washington DC, District of Columbia, United States of America
Conference Name
Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference: ISGT North America
Conference Location
Washington DC, District of Columbia, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Existing forecasting frameworks that predict time-series photovoltaic (PV) generation and consumer load for micro-grids' operation and control assume near-continuous availability of real-time predictors from the field. The incoming data are used to periodically re-train the models and update forecast snapshots over a moving horizon window. However, such frameworks are not resilient to disruptions in data availability caused by losses in communications between the field sensors and data loggers. This paper bridges the shortcoming by leveraging a previously proposed forecasting framework that is resilient to abrupt changes in data quality caused by communication losses. Assuming no availability of real-time field system data, which is typical in extreme weather events such as hurricanes, the framework uses lightweight recursive time-series models to independently forecast solar irradiance, ambient temperature, PV power, and consumer load for three horizon windows: 24 hours, 12 hours, and 1 hour. Four types of ensemble-based regression trees-simple gradient boosted trees (GBR), GBR with an adaptive component (A-GBR), random forests (RF), and extra trees (ExTR)-are leveraged and their performances are compared against a simple historical weekly mean. Numerical results show that A-GBR performs better on average by 32% for 24-hour horizon and 39% for 12-hour horizon, whereas ExTR outdoes the other models on average by 10% for 1-hour horizon.