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Processing and Properties of SiC Composites made via Binder Jet 3D Printing and Infiltration and Pyrolysis of Preceramic Polymer

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Journal Name
International Journal of Ceramic Engineering & Science
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The effect of polymer infiltration and pyrolysis (PIP) cycles with polycarbosiloxane on the microstructure, air leak rate, and properties of SiC composites manufactured by a combination of binder jet 3D printing and PIP are reported. The density, Young’s modulus and flexural strength of disk‐shaped components increased with the number of PIP cycles. In the case of density, it increased from 2.05 g/cm3 in one PIP cycle to 2.33 g/cm3 after three PIP cycles, while values of flexural strength and Young’s modulus at room temperature after three PIP cycles reached 66.8 ± 2.5 MPa and 69.5 ± 2.8 GPa, respectively. Conversely, the air leak rate was found to decrease with number of PIP cycles, and it reached a value of 4 mbar‐liter/s after three cycles. The instantaneous coefficient of thermal expansion of the composite was found to change minimally with the number of PIP cycles and had a value of 4 ± 1.2 ppm/°C between 200°C and 1,000°C. Thermal conductivity was found to increase with number of PIP cycles and to decrease with temperature. For example, after 3 PIP cycles it was found to change from 6.72 ± 0.08 to 6.98 ± 0.08 W/mK at 25°C and 7.36 ± 0.08 to 7.96 ± 0.08 W/mK at 300°C. These values were lower than those of crystalline SiC because of the amorphous nature of the matrix and the presence of pores and cracks.