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High-throughput and high-performance lithium-ion batteries via dry processing

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Chemical Engineering Journal
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A scalable powder-to-electrode dry processing strategy mainly based on powder dry mixing and rolling/calendering is rationally designed. The dry processed electrodes show lower tortuosity compared to that of conventional slurry-based electrodes. The dry-processed high-loading graphite anodes (6.6 mAh cm−2) and LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 cathodes (6.0 mAh cm−2) exhibit promising electrochemical performance in half-cells and full-cells. The full-cells with both electrodes from dry processing demonstrates superb rate performance to their counterpart with conventional slurry-based electrodes and delivers of capacity retentions of 74.1 % and 63.6 % over 400 and 800 cycles, respectively. Notably, the initial Coulombic efficiency of the dry processed graphite anodes is low ascribed to polytetrafluoroethylene binder. The results suggest that dry processing is promising for future lithium-ion battery manufacturing and also pinpoint the needs of modification for the polytetrafluoroethylene binder in the graphite anodes.