Zhijia Du

Zhijia Du

R&D Staff


Zhijia Du is a R&D staff in Energy & Transportation Science Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). He earned both bachelor and PhD degrees from Beihang University with solid training in electrochemistry and materials science.
He was awarded the Izaak Walton Killam Postdoctoral Fellowship at Dalhousie University from 2013 to 2015, working with Prof Richard Dunlap and Prof Mark Obrovac. His work at Dalhousie was R&D of Si alloys for Li-ion battery and tin for sodium ion battery. Then he joined the Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing Group at ORNL in 2015. He continues working in the area of Li-ion battery and his current projects includes VOC exempt formulation of battery coatings, Si alloys development, high speed UV/EB processing of battery electrodes, electrolyte formulation for fast charging, etc.


Electrolyte formulation for fast charging/discharging Li-ion batteries

VOC Exempt Formulation of Coatings for Batteries and Supercapacitors

Industrial Scaling of Thick Aqueous Electrode Processing

Electron Beam Processing of LIB Electrodes

Post-Test Diagnostic Activities for Li-ion Pouch Cells

Next Generation Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Unique Ultraviolet (UV) Curing Process for Producing Lithium-ion Electrodes


Du, Z., Li, J., Wood, M., Mao, C., Daniel, C., & Wood III, D. L. (2018). Three-dimensional conductive network formed by carbon nanotubes in aqueous processed NMC electrode. Electrochimica Acta, 270, 54-61.
Rago, Nancy Dietz, Javier Bareño, Jianlin Li, Zhijia Du, David L. Wood, Leigh Anna Steele, Joshua Lamb et al. "Effect of overcharge on Li (Ni 0.5 Mn 0.3 Co 0.2) O 2/Graphite lithium ion cells with poly (vinylidene fluoride) binder. I-Microstructural changes in the anode." Journal of Power Sources (2018).
Bloom, I., Bareño, J., Rago, N.D., Dogan, F., Graczyk, D.G., Tsai, Y., Naik, S.R., Han, S.D., Lee, E., Du, Z. and Sheng, Y., 2018. Effect of overcharge on Li (Ni0. 5Mn0. 3Co0. 2) O2 cathodes: NMP-soluble binder. II—Chemical changes in the anode. Journal of Power Sources.
Javier Bareño, Nancy Dietz Rago, Fulya Dogan, Donald G Graczyk, Yifen Tsai, Seema R Naik, Sang-Don Han, Eungje Lee, Zhijia Du, Yangping Sheng, Jianlin Li, David L Wood, Leigh Anna Steele, Joshua Lamb, Scott Spangler, Christopher Grosso, Kyle Fenton, Ira Bloom, Effect of overcharge on Li (Ni 0.5 Mn 0.3 Co 0.2) O 2/graphite lithium ion cells with poly (vinylidene fluoride) binder. III—Chemical changes in the cathode, Journal of Power Sources (2018).
Cao, Peng-Fei, Michael Naguib, Zhijia Du, Eric W. Stacy, Bingrui Li, Tao Hong, Kunyue Xing et al. "Effect of Binder Architecture on the Performance of Silicon/Graphite Composite Anodes for Lithium-ion Batteries." ACS applied materials & interfaces 10, 3470-3478 (2018).
Du, Zhijia, Jianlin Li, C. Daniel, and D. L. Wood III. "Si alloy/graphite coating design as anode for Li-ion batteries with high volumetric energy density." Electrochimica Acta 254 (2017): 123-129.
Li, J., Du, Z., Ruther, R.E., et al, 2017. Toward Low-Cost, High-Energy Density, and High-Power Density Lithium-Ion Batteries. JOM, 69(9), pp.1484-1496.
Z. Du, K.M. Rollag, J. Li, S.J. An, M. Wood, Y. Sheng, P.P. Mukherjee, C. Daniel, D.L. Wood III, Enabling aqueous processing for crack-free thick electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, 354, 200 (2017).
Z. Du, D.L. Wood, C. Daniel, S. Kalnaus, and J. Li, Understanding limiting factors in thick electrode performance as applied to high energy density Li-ion batteries. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 47 (3), 405 (2017).
SJ An, J. Li, Z. Du, C. Daniel, D.L. Wood, Fast formation cycling for lithium ion batteries. J Power Sources, 342, 846 (2017).
Z. Du, C. J. Janke, J. Li, C. Daniel, D. L. Wood III, Electron Beam Curing of Composite Positive Electrode for Li-Ion Battery, J Electrochem Soc, 163 (13), A2776 (2016).
Z. Du, T.D. Hatchard, P. Bissonnette, R.A. Dunlap, M.N. Obrovac, Electrochemical Activity of Nano-NiSi2 in Li Cells, J Electrochem Soc, 163 (10), A2456 (2016).
Z. Du, R.A. Dunlap, M.N. Obrovac, Structural and Electrochemical Investigation of FexSi1-x Thin Films in Li Cells, J Electrochem Soc, 163 (9), A2011 (2016).
Z. Du, H. Liu, S.N. Ellis, R.A. Dunlap, M. Zhu, M.N. Obrovac, Electrochemistry of CuxSi1− x Alloys in Li Cells, J Electrochem Soc, 163 (7), A1275 (2016).
H. Liu, M. Zhu, Z. Du, and M.N. Obrovac, The Electrochemistry of Amorphous Si-B Thin Film Electrodes in Li Cells, J Electrochem Soc, 163 (2), A192 (2016).
Z. Du, S.N. Ellis, R.A. Dunlap, and M.N. Obrovac, NixSi1-x Alloys Prepared by Mechanical Milling as Negative Electrode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries, J Electrochem Soc, 163 (2), A13 (2016).
Z. Du, T.D. Hatchard, R.A. Dunlap and M.N. Obrovac, Combinatorial Investigations of Ni-Si Negative Electrode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries, J Electrochem Soc, 162 (9), A1858 (2015).
Z. Du, R.A. Dunlap and M.N. Obrovac, Investigation of the Reversible Sodiation of Sn Foil by Ex-situ X-ray Diffractometry and Mössbauer Effect Spectroscopy, J Alloys Compd, 617, 271 (2014).
Z. Du, R.A. Dunlap and M.N. Obrovac, High Energy Density Calendered Si Alloy/Graphite Anodes, J Electrochem Soc, 161, A1698 (2014).
X. Wei, S. Zhang, Z. Du, P. Yang, J. Wang, Y. Ren, Electrochemical performance of highcapacity nanostructured Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2 cathode material for lithium ion battery by hydrothermal method, Electrochim Acta, 107, 549 (2013).
Z. Du, S. Zhang, T. Jiang, X. Wu, L. Zhang, H. Fang, Facile synthesis of SnO2 nanocrystals coated conducting polymer nanowires for enhanced lithium storage, J Power Sources, 219, 199 (2012).
Z. Du, S. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. Zhao, R. Lin, T. Jiang, Facile Fabrication of Reticular Polypyrrole–Silicon Core–Shell Nanofibers for High Performance Lithium Storage, J Mater Chem, 22, 11636 (2012).
Z. Du and S. Zhang, Enhanced Electrochemical Performance of Sn–Co Nano-architectured Electrode for Lithium Ion Batteries, J Phys Chem C, 115, 23603 (2011).
Z. Du, S. Zhang, Y. Xing, X. Wu, Nanocone-arrays Supported Tin-based Anode Materials for Lithium-ion Battery, J Power Sources, 196, 9780 (2011).
S. Zhang, Z. Du, R. Lin, T. Jiang, G. Liu, X. Wu, D. Weng, Nickel Nanocone-Arrays Supported Silicon Anode for High-Performance Lithium-ion Batteries, Adv Mater, 22, 5378 (2010).
Z. Du, S. Zhang, T. Jiang, Z. Bai, Preparation and characterization of three-dimensional tin thin-film anode with good cycle performance, Electrochim Acta, 55, 3537 (2010).

Specialized Equipment

Pilot plant experience
Formulation: Rheology measurement, Zeta-potential, Goniometer, Particle size analyzer.
Roll to roll coating techniques: dry room working experience, slot-die coater, tap-cast coater, planetary mixer, corona treatment, coating calendaring. Auto CAD design.
Pouch cell: up to 66×99×12 mm and 6 Ah
Electrochemical testing
(High temperature) battery testing, cell storage, symmetric cells, cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance, galvanostatic intermittent titration technique. Mathematical modeling (COMSOL Multiphysics) of Li-ion battery system.
Materials synthesis
Mechanical milling, electroplating/chemical deposition, precipitation reaction, high temperature solid state reaction, magnetron sputtering, polymerization, hydrothermal reaction, electron beam curing.
XRD, SEM, TEM, microprobe, Mössbauer spectroscopy, XPS, BET, Raman, FTIR, DSC, TGA, ICP, Karl Fischer titration.