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Hierarchical Model-Free Transactive Control of Residential Building Loads: An Actual Deployment...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2022 IEEE Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 5
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
the Thirteenth Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT 2022)
Conference Location
Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
IEEE Power and Energy Society
Conference Date

The transformation of electricity systems into more sustainable configurations brought some new challenges. The uncertain, intermittent, and variable nature of renewable energy sources require a significant amount of load demand flexibility, in which grid-interactive buildings (GEBs) are important flexible assets for electricity systems. In this regard, many demand response (DR) tools have been developed to harness this demand flexibility. However, such tools are mostly simulation-based or deal with a single load, which may not be sufficient to demonstrate their effectiveness. Towards this end, this paper presents a real-world field implementation and testing of a hierarchical model-free transactive DR control approach on actual GEBs. The control implementation incorporates elements of virtual battery, game theory, and model-free control mechanisms. The proposed approach was tested using a total of five GEBs, each having three zones. The results show that the proposed approach can mostly achieve all intended objectives, including flexibility estimation, peak load reduction, power tracking, and controlling GEBs while maintaining occupants’ comfort.