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Anomaly detection for MPC forecast in Fleet of Water Heaters

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2023 International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
249 to 256
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA)
Conference Location
Jacksonville, Florida, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Among residential devices, water heaters consume 20% of home energy use in the United States. Water heaters possess the capability to store energy within their reservoirs, enabling the ability to decouple energy use from hot water use. This capability can be used to reduce energy usage and costs while also supporting grid services. This requires accurate forecasting of the parameters of the water heater such as upper and lower temperatures. In this study, we analyzed the performance and behavior of a water heater model used in the real-world to predict a control mechanism that is implemented in a smart residential neighborhood. The model forecasts are accurate in most cases but not all. In such scenarios, error correction of the model is necessary to further improve model predictive control accuracy. Anomaly detection is the first step of error correction. This study complements existing research by grouping time series data into two clusters one with anomalies and another without anomalies. To achieve this task, we explored and compared multiple unsupervised machine learning algorithms to perform clustering. Among these algorithms, Ward clustering has the lowest running time and identified the highest number of anomalies for the upper temperature limit. The proposed approach is tested based on the data collected in a neighborhood with 46 townhomes located in Atlanta, GA.