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A Taxonomic Classification Approach for Global Spatio-temporal Data...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Journal Name
Spatial Data Science Symposium 2021 Short Paper Proceedings
Book Title
Spatial Data Science Symposium 2021 Short Paper Proceedings
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 6
Publisher Location
Santa Barbara, California, United States of America
Conference Name
2nd Annual Spatial Data Science Symposium
Conference Location
Virtual, California, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

The World Bank, World Health Organization, and other major vendors collectively provide thousands of global time series datasets that focus on issues of the environment, public health, economics, violence, education, and national security. Sorting these data into meaningful information requires the use of data mining techniques to cluster trends into an orderly and manageable number of cases. The World SpatioTemporal Analytics and Mapping (WSTAMP) project database ( was developed to spatiotemporally harmonize global vendor data (23,300+ attributes, 200+ locations, 50+ years). Within the WSTAMP analytical environment, Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) has been a highly effective data-driven approach for clustering and mapping these time series into national spatiotemporal behavior maps. Two significant properties have surfaced from this work. First, several recognizable cluster patterns have emerged and persist across a range of locations, attributes, and time frames (e.g., increasing, decreasing, rebounding, peak, oscillating). Secondly, practitioners engaging WSTAMP have noted the explanatory and anticipatory value of these patterns and articulated particular interest in detecting them within the spatiotemporal cube. This need was addressed by shifting DTW-based clustering from an open ended, data-driven implementation to a taxonomic pattern matching approach. This paper presents the method including implementation strategies for visualization and human computer interaction and applies the approach to a sample data set and concludes with next steps.