Skip to main content

Single Ion Conducting Hairy Nanoparticle Additive to Improve Cycling Stability of Solid Polymer Electrolytes

Publication Type
Journal Name
ACS Applied Energy Materials
Publication Date

The development of a solid electrolyte that can impede dendrite growth while still maintaining an appropriate level of conductivity is essential for improving performance of solid-state Li-ion battery. In this paper, we report the synthesis of single Li-ion conducting hairy nanoparticle (NP) materials that improved the cycling stability of lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI)-doped poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) solid electrolyte without significant reduction in conductivity. To unveil mechanisms leading to improved cycling stability, several characterization techniques including broadband dielectric spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, small angle X-ray scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and shear rheology were used to study properties of polymer composites (PC) with added hairy NPs. It was found that hairy NPs influenced the Li/electrolyte interface and improved mechanical properties of bulk composites, all of which contributed to homogenous Li plating and stripping. The improved performance has been found in composites with concentrations of 4.8 and 9.1 weight % of added hairy NPs, which enabled Li cycling stability at 0.2 mA cm–2 critical current density (>300 h) that was otherwise not possible in either PEO-LiTFSI alone or PEO-LiTFSI composites containing a polymer identical to that attached to hairy NPs. Based on the discovered ability of hairy NP to influence bulk and interfacial properties of solid electrolyte, their use as additives is expected to be equally effective in reducing dendrite formation in other electrolytes relevant for the design of solid-state battery.