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Segmenting Water and Shadow Regions within WorldView Imagery Using Local Binary Patterns...

by Christopher G Tate, Justin P Cave, Richard L Moyers
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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing
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Many shadow detection algorithms pertaining to remotely sensed imagery exist. Several of these algorithms exploit the spectral characteristics of shadows within imagery to identify shaded regions. However, these algorithms can have problems when water is also present within the imagery because water shares similar spectral characteristics with shadows. Many of these algorithms are applied to small image subsets instead of the image as a whole and frequently are applied to urban environments that require additional use of the normalized difference water index or other features to affect the removal of water from the shadow mask. This diversity of the image scene content coupled with the complexity and wide variety of environmental conditions that satellite imagery can acquire makes reliably separating shadow and water within larger images a complex problem. Thresholding various spectral indices to produce segmentation maps can be challenging when large, complex, and often imbalanced scenes are captured, which may require manual adjustment of algorithmic parameters for different image areas. We present a methodology that makes use of the near-infrared channel using a watershed segmentation algorithm, local binary pattern measurements, and a support vector machine to classify shadow and water within a full WorldView scene. Results are promising with initial accuracies above 97% for both shadow and water.