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Monte Carlo Simulation of Background and Source Measurements with CSG and CAD Geometries...

Publication Type
ORNL Report
Publication Date

Detecting radioactive sources in an urban environment is difficult due to the large magnitude and variability of the background radiation. To support the search mission of the National Nuclear Security Administration, a project was undertaken to determine if first-principles modeling and simulation could be used to accurately predict the response of radiation detectors in urban environments. This study demonstrates that the simulated detector responses to photon radiation from both an isotopic source and the background compare well to benchmark-quality measurements in a large urban-like test environment. Simulation results using a traditional combinatorial solid geometry and a CAD model generated from LiDAR measurements gave very similar detector responses. With this validation, further simulations could be used to predict detector responses for various situations in real urban settings.