Skip to main content

A Mobile Edge Computing Framework for Traffic Optimization At Urban Intersections Through Cyber-Physical Integration...

Publication Type
Journal Name
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 16

The stop-and-go traffic pattern on urban roads often results in excessive energy consumption because of unnecessary vehicle braking, idling, and accelerations. With the widespread and increased use of automobiles, this traffic pattern creates many negative impacts (e.g., delayed travel time, air pollution, and additional carbon emission) on the sustainability of our cities. Taking advantage of the recent emerging Internet of Things (IoT) and edge computing paradigms, we propose a mobile edge computing framework that integrates the capability of real-time vehicle-to-infrastructure communication and intelligent speed optimization algorithms into a mobile app to optimize individual vehicles' driving speed at signalized intersections. The optimization aims to mitigate the stop-and-go traffic pattern and its undesirable consequences in urban transportation systems. The framework consists of (1) a cyberinfrastructure-enabled dynamic messaging system for retrieving and delivering real-time traffic and signal phase and timing information from IoT-connected signal controllers and sensors, (2) a real-time speed optimization algorithm for generating intelligent speed advisory using vehicle's information (e.g., GPS and driving directions from mobile sensing) and corresponding signal and traffic information, and (3) an ad-hoc mobile computing environment that converts drivers' smartphones into edge devices to host the speed optimization algorithms for enabling intelligent advisory on the vehicle's driving speed within signalized corridors. The paper presents the design and implementation of the proposed framework. We demonstrate the feasibility, usefulness, and energy-saving benefits of our proposed framework and its prototyping mobile app on urban transportation systems through traffic simulation, real-vehicle laboratory experiments, an evaluative survey, and field communication tests. The simulation-based energy evaluation results show that the 100% usage of the mobile app can achieve 24% energy savings in the transportation system.