Transportation accounts for a significant portion of total global energy consumption. Excessive energy consumption usually occurs in urban traffic environments with congestion and travel delays. With the advancement of remote sensing and computer vision technologies, real-time traffic conditions can be monitored. Therefore, sustainable transportation management strategies can be developed to optimize the overall energy and environment performance and reduce congestion and emissions. This work presents a smart traffic monitoring system based on remote camera sensors. Real-time and historical traffic conditions at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) were monitored and analyzed to develop optimal transportation management strategies for sustainability. Computer vision algorithms were developed and applied to process the real-time camera data to obtain complete traffic information across the ORNL campus. Weeks of historical data were collected and processed to analyze the traffic and identify bottlenecks. The proposed traffic monitoring and management approach can be applied and extended to benefit other campuses or urban areas.