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Characteristics of oxide-dispersion strengthened alloys produced by high-temperature severe deformation

Publication Type
Journal Name
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Publication Date
Page Numbers
155129 to 155129

This study is to explore an economically attractive and technically feasible processing method for oxide-nanoparticle strengthened alloys for fusion reactor application. Despite many scientific merits of the advanced oxide-dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys, such as the nanostructured ferritic alloy (NFA) 14YWT, the only viable production path for a high-quality NFA is the high-power mechanical alloying process. This process is often a multi-day high-speed ball milling of alloy powder with a small quantity of yttria (Y2O3) powder, followed by the milled-powder consolidation using extrusion or other methods and additional thermomechanical processing (TMP) for property control. This complex production path, including the low-temperature mechanical alloying in particular, has limited technical advancement toward the cost-effective and scale-up production of ODS alloy components. To overcome such a practical limitation, we proposed to explore alternative low-cost processing routes using traditional thermomechanical processing (TMP) method only. A series of continuous TMP cycles, which were designed to impose high-temperature severe plastic deformation (HT-SPD) conditions to the consolidated powder mixtures, were applied to achieve the effective distribution of oxide particles in nanograin structure and thus desirable mechanical properties. Since the reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic (RAFM) alloy powders (Fe-10Cr and Fe-14Cr alloys with various Y contents) are available in our inventory, we focused to utilize the new solid-state synthesis approach for controlling oxide (oxygen source) dissolution and nanoscale clustering in nanograin structure in those alloys. A combination of powder consolidation at 900 °C and continuous thermomechanical activation at 600 °C yielded two essential ODS alloy microstructure contents–nanograin structure and nanoparticle distribution–and thus demonstrated a good combination of strength and ductility.