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Research Highlight

MGARD+: Optimizing Multilevel Methods for Error-bounded Scientific Data Reduction

Nowadays, data reduction is becoming increasingly important in dealing with large amounts of scientific data. Existing Multilevel compression algorithms offer a promising way to manage scientific data at scale, but may suffer from relatively low performance and reduction quality. In this paper, we propose MGARD+, a multilevel data reduction and refactoring framework drawing on previous multilevel methods, to achieve high-performance data decomposition and high-quality error-bounded lossy compression.Our contributions are four-fold: 1) We propose to leverage a level-wise coefficient quantization method, which uses different error tolerances to quantize the multilevel coefficients. 2) We propose an adaptive decomposition method which treats the multilevel decomposition as a preconditioner and terminates the decomposition process at an appropriate level. 3) We leverage a set of algorithmic optimization strategies to significantly improve the performance of multilevel decomposition/recomposition. 4) We evaluate our proposed method using four real-world scientific datasets and compare with several state-of-the-art lossy compressors.Experiments demonstrate that our optimizations improve the decomposition/recomposition performance of the existing multilevel method by up to 70x, and the proposed compression method can improve compression ratio by up to 2x compared with other state-of-the-art error-bounded lossy compressors under the same level of data distortion.

MGARD+: Optimizing Multilevel Methods for Error-bounded Scientific Data Reduction CSMD ORNL