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Performance of Different Water-Based Binder Formulations for Ni-Rich Cathodes Evaluated in LiNi 0.8 Mn 0.1 Co 0.1 O 2 //Graph...

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Journal of the Electrochemical Society
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Water-based processing for lithium-ion battery electrodes is attractive due to its lower manufacturing cost and smaller environmental impact. However, multiple challenges associated with aqueous cathode processing have hindered commercial adoption. Polymer binders are an important component of the electrode, and thus the choice of binders can alter electrode cycling performance significantly. In this work, four different water-based binder combinations are investigated for Ni-rich LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (NMC811)-based cathodes, with a focus on the long-term electrochemical performance in practical-format full pouch cells. No additional pH-modulating additives were added to the aqueous cathode slurries, and no protective coatings were present on the cathode or aluminum current collector. Results are compared with the standard PVDF/NMP-based binder/solvent combination, used as a baseline. The influence of water-based binder type on slurry rheology and electrode microstructure are also discussed. All cells made by water-processing had worse rate performance compared to the baseline. However, the cell discharge capacity after 1000 U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) cycles at C/3 charge/discharge rate was comparable to the baseline for two of the water-based cathode formulations (CMC & JSR, and LiPAA), demonstrating the potential viability of aqueous-processed Ni-rich cathodes at a commercial scale.