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Mechanical responses of 316L stainless steel printed by wire arc additive manufacturing with different thermal histories

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
Proceedings of the ASME 2023 Pressure Vessels & Piping Conference
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 5
Publisher Location
Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Conference Name
ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: PVP 2023
Conference Location
Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

In this paper, 316L stainless steel walls were printed using single-bead pass and multiple-bead pass wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM), which represent the internal basket wall and external wall of a spent nuclear fuel (SNF) canister; respectively. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) microstructure characterization and tensile tests at room temperature (21 °C) and elevated temperature (250 °C) were performed on specimens extracted along the length and height directions of the printed walls. Results showed that grain morphology, grain angles, and retained ferrite are different between the two printed walls, which received different heat input in WAAM. The single-bead pass printed wall exhibited higher yield strength than the multiple-bead pass printed wall because of more retained ferrite and larger portion of random-high angle boundaries (RHAB) grains.