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Grid-Tied PV Inverter with Oversized Power Module to Increase its Low-Voltage Ride Through (LVRT) Capabilities and VAR Suppor...

by Maximiliano F Ferrari Maglia, Leon M Tolbert
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2023 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Latin America (ISGT-LA)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
145 to 149
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Latin America (ISGT-LA)
Conference Location
San Juan Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

This paper proposes a novel design for grid-tied 3-ph Photovoltaic (PV) inverter to improve its low-voltage ride through (LVRT) response while significantly increasing its voltampere reactive (VAR) support during voltage sags. The literature available on LVRT for PV inverters can be grouped in solutions that dissipate the excess energy and those that temporary stores this energy. This paper proposes a third solution; oversizing inverter hardware components to safely transferring all the energy excess back to while maintaining the semiconductor under the maximum temperature limits. The advantages of the proposed approach are: 1) Improved LVRT capabilities and stable dc-link voltage control at MPP during sags. 2) Increased VAR support during voltage sags. 3) Increased use of renewable energy as all active power is injected back to the grid during voltage sags. Finally, the proposed solution is more cost effective compared with solutions that incorporate energy storage because only a few inverter components are required to be oversized. This paper also presents a detailed power loss analysis, which determined that that oversizing the power semiconductors has minimal impact in the inverter losses while significatively reducing the diode and IGBT conduction losses during both normal operation and grid fault conditions.