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Facile Strategy to Prepare Poly(ionic liquid)-Coated Solid Polymer Electrolytes through Layer-by-Layer Assembly

Publication Type
Journal Name
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Publication Date
Page Numbers
51806 to 51814

The inability of solid polymer electrolytes to preserve strong mechanical strength with high ionic conductivity hinders the commercialization of lithium metal batteries (LMBs). The success of fabricating layer-by-layer (LbL)-assembled electrolytes has realized the application of flexible solid polymer electrolytes in electrochemical devices. Here, we demonstrate a rational strategy to construct solid electrolytes coated with multiple ultrathin layers of polyanions (poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate)) and polycations (linear poly(1-butyl-3-(4-vinylbenzyl)-1H-imidazolium chloride) (BVIC)/linear poly(PEG4-VIC)/SiO2-g-poly(PEG4-VIC)) using an LbL assembly method. Poly(ionic liquid) backbones and PEG side groups are employed to facilitate the transport of lithium ions via the segmental motion of the macromolecular matrix. The fabricated free-standing membranes exhibited good ionic conductivities of 9.03–10 × 10–4 S cm–1. Furthermore, a Li/LiFePO4 cell assembled with the LbL-membrane electrolytes exhibits an initial high discharge capacity of 143–158 mAhg–1 at 60 °C with high columbic efficiency. This approach, which combines polymer synthesis and LbL self-assembly, is an effective and facile route to fabricate solid polymer electrolyte membranes with superior ionic conductivity and mechanical robustness, which are useful for electrochemical devices and high-voltage battery applications.