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Elastic Flow Modeling for Hydropower Digital Twins

by William L Gurecky, Hong Wang, Shiqi Ou
Publication Type
ORNL Report
Publication Date

This report details the elastic, unsteady, one-dimensional flow equations that are used to model flow through a penstock in a hydropower facility. The elastic flow model is accurate even in cases of fast transients, long penstock length, and high gravitation head. The compressibility of the water and elasticity of the pipe walls are explicitly accounted for in the developed models so that the water hammer phenomena can be accurately captured. The elastic flow model is coupled to a mechanistic turbine model to resolve the dynamic feedbacks between the elastic water column and the turbine rotation rate.