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Effects of charging rates on LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 (NMC622)/graphite Li-ion cells...

Publication Type
Journal Name
Journal of Energy Chemistry
Publication Date
Page Numbers
121 to 126

Enabling fast charging capability of lithium-ion battery is of great importance to widespread adoption of electric vehicles. Increasing the charging rates from state-of-the-art 2C (30 min) to 6C (10 min) requires deep understanding on the cell aging mechanism. In this study, 400 mAh pouch cells are cycled at 1C, 4C and 6C charging rates with 1C discharging rate. Capacity fading, cathode structural changes, Li inventory loss, electrolyte composition changes and Li plating on graphite electrodes are thoroughly studied by various characterization techniques. The rapid capacity fading in cells at 6C charging rate is mainly due to Li inventory loss from cathode structure and metallic Li plating on graphite electrode at higher charging rate. Post-mortem analysis also revealed changes in electrolyte such as increased salt molarity and transesterification during fast charging.