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Data-Driven Modeling of a High Capacity Cryogenic System for Control Optimization...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Journal Name
Publication Date
Page Numbers
3986 to 3993
Conference Name
22nd World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC)
Conference Location
Yokohama, Japan
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

The Cryogenic Moderator System (CMS) is responsible for maintaining a steady flow of cold neutrons for numerous physics experiments at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) in Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Sudden losses in beam power, known as beam trips, cause a major disturbance to the CMS due to large step changes in cooling demands. Ongoing efforts on upgrading the neutron beam power from 1.4 to 2.0MW are expected to generate larger transients that can further strain the CMS subsystems if they are not properly controlled. To manage such disturbances, four flow valves and one electric heater are adjusted by five decentralized proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers. However, the original PID gains were calibrated empirically based only on tracking performance and not based on disturbance rejection. To address this issue without compromising current CMS operations, a control-oriented model was developed to recalibrate the PID controllers offline. The zero-dimensional (0-D) model was based on simple physics-based principles and data-driven system identification techniques. The CMS was broken into several subsystems for analysis, each of which corresponds to a parametric model tied to the thermodynamic states of the working fluid. The model parameters were identified using the nonlinear least squares method where the residuals were calculated from available sensor data. Simulation results show that the proposed model can capture the dynamics of the CMS at steady state and during beam trips.