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Testing electron–phonon coupling for the superconductivity in kagome metal CsV3Sb5

Publication Type
Journal Name
Nature Communications
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 7

In crystalline materials, electron-phonon coupling (EPC) is a ubiquitous many-body interaction that drives conventional Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superconductivity. Recently, in a new kagome metal CsV3Sb5, superconductivity that possibly intertwines with time-reversal and spatial symmetry-breaking orders is observed. Density functional theory calculations predicted weak EPC strength, λ, supporting an unconventional pairing mechanism in CsV3Sb5. However, experimental determination of λ is still missing, hindering a microscopic understanding of the intertwined ground state of CsV3Sb5. Here, using 7-eV laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and Eliashberg function analysis, we determine an intermediate λ=0.45–0.6 at T = 6 K for both Sb 5p and V 3d electronic bands, which can support a conventional superconducting transition temperature on the same magnitude of experimental value in CsV3Sb5. Remarkably, the EPC on the V 3d-band enhances to λ~0.75 as the superconducting transition temperature elevated to 4.4 K in Cs(V0.93Nb0.07)3Sb5. Our results provide an important clue to understand the pairing mechanism in the kagome superconductor CsV3Sb5.