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Synergistic direct air capture of CO2 with aqueous guanidine/amino acid solvents...

by Diana Stamberga, Nikki A Thiele, Radu Custelcean
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Journal Name
MRS Advances
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Methylglyoxal-bis(iminoguanidine) (MGBIG) has been recently identified as a promising sorbent for direct air capture (DAC) of carbon dioxide via crystallization of guanidinium carbonate salts. In this study, the effects of aqueous amino acids and oligopeptides, such as glycine, sarcosine, serine, arginine, taurine, lysine, and glycylglycine, on the efficacy of DAC by crystallization of MGBIG carbonate have been investigated. While most of the amino acids studied were found to precipitate with MGBIG, thereby rendering the sorbent unavailable for DAC, sarcosine, the only amino acid in the series with a secondary amine group, remained soluble in the presence of MGBIG, leading to enhanced DAC compared to MGBIG alone. Specifically, for the same amount of MGBIG (5 mmol), the addition of a small amount of sarcosine to the aqueous solvent–as little as 0.5 mmol–led to extraction of six times as much CO2 from the air (4.15 mmol vs. 0.7 mmol). Thus, aqueous MGBIG and sarcosine work in synergy, offering the prospect for an effective DAC process.