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Primary Radiation Damage Formation in Solids...

by Evangelia Zarkadoula, Roger E Stoller
Publication Type
Book Chapter
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 43
Publisher Name
Publisher Location
United States of America

The processes that give rise to changes in the microstructure and the physical and mechanical properties of solid metals and ceramics exposed to energetic particles are initiated by essentially elastic collisions between atoms in what has been called an atomic displacement cascade. These processes are similar in metals and ceramics, with some differences related to the ionic and covalent bonding in ceramics compared to metallic bonding. The formation and evolution of primary radiation damage mechanisms are described to provide an overview of how stable defects are formed by displacement cascades, as well as the nature and morphology of the defects themselves. The impact of the primary variables cascade energy and irradiation temperature are discussed, along with a range of secondary factors that can influence damage formation.