A new member of the descloizite family, a cobalt vanadate, SrCo(VO4)(OH), has been synthesized as large single crystals using high-temperature and high-pressure hydrothermal methods. SrCo(VO4)(OH) crystallizes in the orthorhombic crystal system in space group P212121 with the following unit cell parameters: a = 6.0157(2) Å, b = 7.645(2) Å, c = 9.291(3) Å, V = 427.29(2) Å3, and Z = 4. It contains one-dimensional Co–O–Co chains of edge-sharing CoO6 octahedra along the a-axis connected to each other via VO4 tetrahedra along the b-axis forming a three-dimensional structure. The magnetic susceptibility of SrCo(VO4)(OH) indicates an antiferromagnetic transition at 10 K as well as unusually large spin orbit coupling. Single-crystal magnetic measurements in all three main crystallographic directions displayed a significant anisotropy in both temperature- and field-dependent data. Single-crystal neutron diffraction at 4 K was used to characterize the magnetically ordered state. The Co2+ magnetic spins are arranged in a staggered configuration along the chain direction, with a canting angle that follows the tipping of the CoO6 octahedra. The net magnetization along the chain direction, resulting in ferromagnetic coupling of the a-axis spin components in each chain, is compensated by an antiferromagnetic interaction between nearest neighbor chains. A metamagnetic transition appears in the isothermal magnetization data at 2 K along the chain direction, which seems to correspond to a co-alignment of the spin directions of the nearest neighbor chain. We propose a phenomenological spin Hamiltonian that describes the canted spin configuration of the ground state and the metamagnetic transition in SrCo(VO4)(OH).