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Next-Cycle Optimal Fuel Control for Cycle-to-Cycle Variability Reduction in EGR-Diluted Combustion...

by Bryan P Maldonado Puente, Brian C Kaul, Catherine D Schuman, Steven R Young, John P Mitchell
Publication Type
Journal Name
IEEE Control Systems Letters
Publication Date
Page Numbers
2204 to 2209

Dilute combustion using exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is a cost-effective method for increasing engine efficiency. At high EGR levels, however, its efficiency benefits diminish as cycle-to-cycle variability (CCV) intensifies. In this simulation study, cycle-to-cycle fuel control was used to reduce CCV by injecting additional fuel in operating conditions with sporadic misfires and partial burns. An optimal control policy was proposed that utilizes 1) a physics-based model that tracks in-cylinder gas composition and 2) a one-step-ahead prediction of the combustion efficiency based on a kernel density estimator. The optimal solution, however, presents a tradeoff between the reduction in combustion CCV and the increase in fuel injection quantity required to stabilize the charge. Such a tradeoff can be adjusted by a single parameter embedded in the cost function. Simulation results indicated that combustion CCV can be reduced by as much as 65% by using at most 1% additional fuel. Although the control design presented here does not include fuel trim to maintain λ=1 for three-way catalyst compatibility, it is envisioned that this approach would be implemented alongside such an external controller, and the theoretical contribution presented here provides a first insight into the feasibility of CCV control using fuel injection.