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Localized divertor leakage measurements using isotopic tungsten sources during edge-localized mode-y H-mode discharges on DII...

Publication Type
Journal
Journal Name
Nuclear Fusion
Publication Date
Page Number
016028
Volume
60
Issue
1

Experiments carried out on DIII-D using a novel setup of isotopic tungsten (W) sources in the outer divertor have characterized how the W leakage from this region depends on both the exact source location and edge-localized mode (ELM) behavior. The sources are toroidally-symmetric and poloidally-localized to two regions: (1) the outer strike point (OSP) with natural abundance of W isotopes; and (2) the far-target with highly-enriched 182W isotopes. With the use of a dual-faced collector probe (CP) in the main scrape-off layer (SOL) near the outside midplane and source-rate spectroscopy, a proxy for divertor impurity leakage is developed. Using this proxy, it is found that for the OSP W location, there is a nearly linear increase of leakage with the power across the separatrix (PSEP), which is consistent with the effect of an increased upstream ion temperature parallel gradient force in the near-SOL; trends in the pedestal density and collisionality are also seen. Conversely, it is found that for the far-target W location leakage falls off rapidly as PSEP increases and ELM size decreases, which is suggestive that ELM size plays a role in the leakage from this location. Indications for main SOL W contamination is evidenced by the measurement of large deposition asymmetries on the two opposite CP faces. These measurements are coupled with interpretive modeling showing SOL W accumulation near the separatrix furthest from both targets driven by forces parallel to the magnetic field. This experimental setup, together with the target and upstream W measurements, provides information on the transport from different divertor W source locations and leakage. These studies help to elucidate the physics driving divertor impurity source rates and leakage, with and without ELMs, and provide better insight on the link in the chain connecting wall impurity sources to core impurity levels in magnetic fusion devices.