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Learning the right channel in multimodal imaging: automated experiment in piezoresponse force microscopy...

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npj Computational Materials
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We report the development and experimental implementation of the automated experiment workflows for the identification of the best predictive channel for a phenomenon of interest in spectroscopic measurements. The approach is based on the combination of ensembled deep kernel learning for probabilistic predictions and a basic reinforcement learning policy for channel selection. It allows the identification of which of the available observational channels, sampled sequentially, are most predictive of selected behaviors, and hence have the strongest correlations. We implement this approach for multimodal imaging in piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM), with the behaviors of interest manifesting in piezoresponse spectroscopy. We illustrate the best predictive channel for polarization-voltage hysteresis loop and frequency-voltage hysteresis loop areas is amplitude in the model samples. The same workflow and code are applicable for any multimodal imaging and local characterization methods.