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Invariant Features for Accurate Predictions of Quantum Chemical UV-vis Spectra of Organic Molecules

by Justin Baker, Massimiliano Lupo Pasini, Cory D Hauck
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
SoutheastCon 2024
Publication Date
Page Numbers
311 to 320
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
SoutheastCon 2024
Conference Location
Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Including invariance of global properties of a phys-ical system as an intrinsic feature in graph neural networks (GNNs) enhances the model's robustness and generalizability and reduces the amount of training data required to obtain a desired accuracy for predictions of these properties. Existing open source GNN libraries construct invariant features only for specific GNN architectures. This precludes the generalization of invariant features to arbitrary message passing neural network (MPNN) layers which, in turn, precludes the use of these libraries for new, user-specified predictive tasks. To address this limitation, we implement invariant MPNNs into the flexible and scalable HydraGNN architecture. HydraGNN enables a seamless switch between various MPNNs in a unified layer sequence and allows for a fair comparison between the predictive performance of different MPNNs. We trained this enhanced HydraGNN archi-tecture on the ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectrum of GDB-9 molecules, a feature that describes the molecule's electronic exci-tation modes, computed with time-dependent density functional tight binding (TD-DFTB) and available open source through the GDB-9-Ex dataset. We assess the robustness (i.e., accuracy and generalizability) of the predictions obtained using different invariant MPNNs with respect to different values of the full width at half maximum (FWHM) for the Gaussian smearing of the theoretical peaks. Our numerical results show that incorporating invariance in the HydraGNN architecture significantly enhances both accuracy and generalizability in predicting UV-vis spectra of organic molecules.