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Infrared thermometry in high temperature materials processing: influence of liquid water and steam...

by Artem Trofimov, Thomas R Watkins, Thomas R Muth, Gary Cola, Hsin Wang
Publication Type
Journal Name
Quantitative InfraRed Thermography Journal
Publication Date
Page Numbers
123 to 141

The capability of four infrared thermometry techniques (2-colour and 1-colour pyrometers, Pyrolaser and IR camera) was evaluated with respect to the impact of water or steam in the line of sight to determine temperature from two heat sources (blackbody calibration source and steel block inside the furnace). The influence of liquid water on the temperature readings was minimal when using 2-colour pyrometry due to comparable absorption coefficients of water for the measured wavelengths. The signals measured using both the Pyrolaser and the 1-colour pyrometer were decreased due to the partial absorption and resulted in an apparent temperature lower than the actual. Water readily absorbed the IR signal in the range of the IR camera operation, resulting in no signal whenever liquid water was present in the line of sight. Steam caused the most deviation and fluctuation of temperature readings for all techniques due to the large level of light scattering in addition to the absorption of the radiant energy. A technique was developed to determine the transmissivity (apparent emissivity) when water or steam is in the line of sight of measurement. An approximate correction to the measurements based on Planck’s law is discussed for both 2-colour and 1-colour pyrometers.