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Fast response, optical radiance measurements of low intensity impurity emission in WEST plasmas with staggered wavelength fil...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Journal Name
Journal of Instrumentation
Publication Date
Conference Name
European Conference on Plasma Diagnostics (ECPD 2019)
Conference Location
Lisbon, Portugal
Conference Sponsor
European Physical Society
Conference Date

Fast response acquisition of atomic line emission through the use of a filterscope has been implemented on the WEST tokamak at multiple poloidal locations. Filterscopes consist of a fiber-optic-based transmission from the tokamak to specifically engineered optical bandpasses and photomultiplier tubes (PMT) that collect the emission intensity to measure a radiance, L [W/cm2/str], over the specified bandpass. This diagnostic records plasma-wall interaction (PWI) properties (e.g. impurity emission and recycling of main fuel ions) up to a max acquisition rate of 100 kHz. These PMT radiometric measurements are calibrated into a line-normalized radiance, LN [photons/sec/cm2/str], similar to traditional spectrometers, which can later be converted to a particle flux. Low intensity emission peaks are difficult to quantify due to often comparable continuum levels, thus a secondary filter shifted to a judiciously-selected, line-free region (~1 nm away) allows for background subtraction. The system currently installed on WEST targets tungsten (W) gross sputtering specifically by monitoring, with a filter pair, the spectral region near the neutral W line emission (W I 400.9 nm). The line and background filters of the pair are centered at 400.6 nm and 403.1 nm, respectively. Through a set beam splitters on each sight line, the filter pair are measuring from the same location. The two L signals near W I are then subtracted from each other yielding only the W I LN. W I LN data from a recent WEST experimental campaign is presented and compared with plasma parameters and traditional spectrometer measurements of W I line emission to demonstrate the capabilities of this staggered-filter filterscope method. Specifically, the choice of WEST-specific bandpass curves for the W I LN will be illustrated based on this latter comparison.