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Evolution of Highly Anisotropic Magnetism in the Titanium-Based Kagome Metals LnTi3Bi4 (Ln: La···Gd3+, Eu2+, Yb2+)

Publication Type
Journal Name
Chemistry of Materials
Publication Date
Page Numbers
9756 to 9773

Here, we present a family of titanium-based kagome metals of the form LnTi3Bi4 (Ln: La···Gd3+, Eu2+, Yb2+). Four previously unreported compounds are presented: YbTi3Bi4, GdTi3Bi4, NdTi3Bi4, and PrTi3Bi4. Single-crystal growth methods are provided alongside detailed magnetic and thermodynamic measurements across the entire series. The LnTi3Bi4 family of compounds are orthorhombic (Fmmm), layered compounds that exhibit slightly distorted titanium-based kagome nets interwoven with zigzag lanthanide-based (Ln) chains. Crystals are easily exfoliated parallel to the kagome sheets, and angular resolved photoemission (ARPES) measurements highlight the intricacy of the electronic structure in these compounds. Density functional theory (DFT) and ARPES studies find Dirac points near the Fermi level, consistent with the kagome-derived band structure. The magnetic properties and the associated anisotropy emerge from the quasi-1D zigzag chains of Ln and impart a wide array of magnetic ground states ranging from anisotropic ferromagnetism to complex antiferromagnetism with a cascade of metamagnetic transitions. The combination of the kagome-based electronic structure and highly anisotropic Ln-based magnetism on an exfoliatable platform cements the LnTi3Bi4 family as an interesting addition to the ever-expanding suite of kagome metals.