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Conceptual Design and Analysis of In-Vessel Components for the Materials Plasma Exposure eXperiment (MPEX)...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Journal Name
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1446 to 1451
Conference Name
28th IEEE Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE)
Conference Location
Jacksonville, Florida, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

The materials plasma exposure experiment (MPEX) is a linear plasma divertor simulator currently undergoing conceptual design. The facility will expose material samples to steady-state plasma fluxes to examine plasma–material interactions (PMIs) that are expected in the next generation of fusion devices. The plasmas will be generated by a helicon source, with electron and ion heating sources of up to 800 kW possible. The peak heat fluxes of the target are expected to be up to 10 MW/m 2 . The facility will be capable of handling low-activation neutron-irradiated samples in order to examine the multivariate effects of neutron damage and plasma fluence. Neutron-irradiated samples are planned to be roughly of 10-mm diameter; however, plasma-facing components up to 60×600 mm can be accommodated. The steady-state nature of the device will require the magnetic confinement of the plasma to be achieved with superconducting magnets, with a maximum on-axis field of 2.5 T. In addition, since MPEX will be a steady-state device, in-vessel components need to be water cooled. The primary in-vessel components will be the target, the dump plate, the limiter, the skimmers, and the microwave absorber. The conceptual design of these components is presented here, including analyses that confirm that the designs are adequate to meet the requirements of MPEX operation.