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Comprehensive Analysis of Streaming and Shutdown Dose Rate Experiments at JET with ORNL Fusion Neutronics Workflows...

by Bor Kos, Georgeta Radulescu, Robert E Grove, Rosaria Villari, Paola Batistoni
Publication Type
Journal Name
Fusion Science and Technology
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 21

Current experimental fusion systems and conceptual designs of fusion pilot plants (FPPs) are growing in complexity and size. Several radiation metrics are crucial to the safe operation of fusion machines, including neutron flux streaming through openings and the shutdown dose rate (SDDR). Most current designs of advanced experimental fusion systems—and the most probable candidates for FPPs—are based on the tokamak concept, which is prone to neutron streaming through the myriad openings needed for diagnostic and support systems. SDDR is caused by decay gamma rays from radionuclides that become activated by neutrons during the operation of a fusion system that use deuterium-deuterium (DD), tritium-tritium, or deuterium-tritium plasma. Because computational tools have become essential for determining these radiation metrics, they must be validated against reliable and applicable experimental data. Experiments at the Joint European Torus (JET) provide a unique source of experimental data for validating computational tools and nuclear data used to determine SDDR and neutron fluxes in streaming-dominated geometries. This paper presents the comprehensive analysis of the high-performance DD JET SDDR, and streaming experiments performed using Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) fusion workflows. The computational results were compared with experimental results that consist of online SDDR measurements with ionization chambers and neutron fluence streaming measurements using thermoluminescent detectors. The ratio of calculated-to-experimental SDDR values ranges from 0.6 to 2.5, and the streaming results range from 0.5 to 8.0. Future work will include analyzing the JET 2021 DTE2 campaign alongside the integration of the Shift Monte Carlo transport code into all ORNL fusion neutronics workflows.