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Publication

Cold Climate Integrated Heat Pump...

by Bo Shen, Jeffrey D Munk, Kyle R Gluesenkamp
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
19th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 10 - 14, 2022
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 10
Publisher Location
Indiana, United States of America
Conference Name
19th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 10 - 14, 2022
Conference Location
West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Purdue University
Conference Date
-

This paper introduces development of a residential air-source integrated heat pump for cold climates (CCIHP). The heat pump is multi-functional to meet all the home comfort demands, including space cooling, space heating, domestic water heating and energy storage. The CCIHP is an ideal solution to decarbonize northern homes via providing efficient space heating and water heating to replace natural gas. It uses a three-stage compressor and a single set of heat exchangers and valves to deliver all the functions, and thus achieve cost reduction. We developed an innovative system configuration and related controls to solve typical charge unbalance in heat pumps, accelerate charge migration and smoothen mode transition in integrated heat pumps. Laboratory investigations were conducted for individual modes and verified the control functions. Laboratory tests demonstrated that the unit delivered outstanding performance. It achieved 17.0 SEER (seasonal cooling energy efficiency rating) and 11.0 HSPF (heating seasonal performance factor). In the most efficient mode (combined space cooling and water heating mode), the unit reached a total energy efficiency of 35.0 EER and required only 25 minutes to heat a 50-gallon tank of water. The CCIHP can heat 1.7 GPM water from 58 to 125°F in a direct flow-through, when the ambient temperature is above 47°F. In a dedicated water heating mode using outdoor air source, the heat pump operated down to 17˚F, achieving a COP > 2.6, and heated 50-gallon water within 1 hour.