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Automated and Cooperative Vehicle Merging at Highway On-Ramps...

by Jackeline Rios Torres, Andreas Malikopoulos
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Journal Name
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
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Recognition of necessities of connected and auto- mated vehicles (CAVs) is gaining momentum. CAVs can improve both transportation network efficiency and safety through control algorithms that can harmonically use all existing information to coordinate the vehicles. This paper addresses the problem of optimally coordinating CAVs at merging roadways to achieve smooth traffic flow without stop-and-go driving. We present an optimization framework and an analytical closed-form solution that allows online coordination of vehicles at merging zones. The effectiveness of the efficiency of the proposed solution is validated through a simulation, and it is shown that coordination of vehicles can significantly reduce both fuel consumption and travel time.