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Artificial-intelligence-based prediction and control of combustion instabilities in spark-ignition engines...

by Bryan P Maldonado Puente, Anna Stefanopoulou, Brian C Kaul
Publication Type
Book Chapter
Publication Date
Page Numbers
185 to 212
Publisher Name
Publisher Location
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

In recent years, as engine control strategies have grown increasingly sophisticated in a continued drive for increasing efficiency and reducing emissions, engine operation has been pushed into regimes that are limited by combustion instabilities. These instabilities produce undesirable abnormal combustion events, which pose barriers to further improvement in engine efficiency. Many of the phenomena involved are difficult to model or control using traditional, purely physics-based models and reactive control approaches. Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques offer some promise for achieving more effective combustion stability control, especially when appropriately applied within a physics-informed framework. This chapter illustrates the current state-of-the-art in applying AI to combustion stability control and examines three case studies with application to the dilute stability limit in spark-ignition engines to illustrate the utility and limitations of AI in these applications.