Jun Qu 2022

Jun Qu

Distinguished R&D Staff and Group Leader of Surface Engineering & Tribology

Dr. Jun Qu currently is the Group Leader of Surface Engineering & Tribology and a Distinguished R&D Staff in the Materials Science and Technology Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. His research interests include: advanced lubrication, surface engineering, materials tribology, nanostructured materials, and manufacturing. He has developed 2 ASTM standards, published 3 book chapters and 140+ peer-reviewed journal papers, and received 10 U.S. patents. Dr. Qu’s publications have received 8000+ citations (h index 48) and is among the top 100,000 of the most-cited scientists across all fields. Dr. Qu has received multiple national awards including 2020 UT-Battelle Distinguished Researcher Award, 2014 DOE Vehicle Technologies Office R&D Award, and three R&D 100 Awards or Finalists. He is a Fellow of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) and serves on the Board of Directors for Wear of Materials.

  • 11/2021 – present   Group Leader, Surface Engineering & Tribology Group, Materials Science & Technology Division (MSTD), ORNL
  • 10/2020 – 10/2021 Interim Group Leader, Materials Processing Group, MSTD, ORNL
  • 01/2016 – present   Distinguished R&D Staff, MSTD, ORNL
  • 10/2011 – 12/2015 Senior R&D Staff, MSTD, ORNL
  • 01/2007 – 9/2011    R&D Staff, MSTD, ORNL
  • 02/2004 – 12/2006 Associate R&D Staff, Metals & Ceramics Division (M&C), ORNL
  • 05/2002 – 2/2004    Postdoctoral Research Associate, M&C, ORNL

• Fellow, Society of Tribologists & Lubrication Engineers (STLE) since 2017

• 2022 R&D 100 Award Finalist (Team Lead), jointly with Danfoss, A high-efficiency carbon nanotube-coated mesh seal

• 2020 Distinguished Researcher Award, Recognition of sustained and distinguished accomplishments with high impact in science and engineering, ORNL/UT-Battelle Awards Night.

• 2020 R&D 100 Award Finalist (Team Lead), A superlubricity coating composed of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes.

• 2014 R&D 100 Award (Team lead), jointly among ORNL, GM, Shell, and Lubrizol, Ionic liquid anti-wear additives for fuel-efficient engine lubricants.

• 2014 U.S. DOE Vehicle Technologies Office R&D Award, for research achievements in ionic liquid lubricants and additives.

• 2009 John Bollinger Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award, Conferred in recognition of significant achievement and leadership in manufacturing engineering, Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME).

• 2015 ORNL Significant Event Award, Discovery and fundamental understanding of incompatibility between diamond-like-carbon coatings and lubricant additives provide new insights for future materials development.

• 2014 ORNL Significant Event Award, Development of lubricant that meets DOE goal of 2 percent vehicle fuel economy improvement.

• 2011 ORNL Significant Event Award, Breakthrough in ionic liquid lubricants recognized by a major DOE program award.

  • Ph.D.    5/2002        Major: Mechanical Engineering, Minor: Electrical Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • M.S.     8/1999        Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa


  • Conference Organizing
    • STLE Annual Meeting Planning Committee (AMPC), 2019–present
    • Conference Chair, 24th International Conference on Wear of Materials, Banff, Canada, April 16–20, 2023 (WoM 2023)
    • Program Chair, 23rd International Conference on Wear of Materials, Virtual, April 25–29, 2021 (WoM 2021)
    • Organizing Committee/Associate Editor, 17th, 21st and 22nd International Conference on Wear of Materials, 2009, 2017, and 2019.
    • Organizer, Symposium for Hardfacing Coatings for Wear and Corrosion Resistance Applications, Materials Science & Technology (MS&T) 2010 and 2012.
  • Book/Journal Editing
    • Co-Editor-in-Chief, Encyclopedia of Tribology and Lubrication, Elsevier, 2023-26
    • Associate Editor, Friction, 2020–present
    • Associate Editor, Lubricants, 2017–present
      1. Editor, Special Issue Advanced Lubrication for Energy Efficiency II, 2020–21
      2. Editor, Special Issue Advanced Lubrication for Energy Efficiency, 2018
    • Associate Editor, Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering, 2015–present
      1. Co-Editor, Special Issue Ionic Liquids in Tribology, 2020–21.
      2. Editor, Special Issue Advanced Tribology and Lubrication: From Nanoscale Phenomena to Real World Applications, 2018–19.
    • Associate Editor, ASME Journal of Tribology, 2020–23
    • Key Reader, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 2013–22
    • Technical Editor, Tribology & Lubrication Technology, 2009–14.
  • Government 
    • U.S. Representative, International Energy Agency (IEA) Advanced Materials for Transportation (AMT) Technology Collaboration Programme (TCP), 2022–present
    • U.S. DoD Military Vehicle Industry Consortium (MVIC) on Fluid Modernization, 2020–present
    • U.S. DOE Lubricants Working Group, 2015–18
    • National Academy of Engineering (NAE)’s 2015 U.S. NAE Frontiers of Engineering Symposium
  • Fellow, Society of Tribologists & Lubrication Engineers (STLE), 2017–present
  • Wear of Materials Board of Directors, 2019–present
  • STLE Fellows Committee, 2022–present
  • SAE Fuels and Lubricants TC 3 Driveline and Chassis Lubrication Committee, 2022–present
  • ASTM International, G2 on Wear and Erosion and D2 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants, 2017–present
  1. J. Qu, H.M. Luo, X. He, “Ionic liquids containing quaternary ammonium and phosphonium cations, and their use as environmentally friendly lubricant,” U.S. Patent #11,760,766, Sept. 19, 2023.
  2. C. Kumara, J. Qu, “Metal nanoparticles as lubricant additives,” U.S. Patent #11,370,988, Jun. 28, 2022.
  3. J. Qu, H.M. Luo, “Ionic liquids containing symmetric quaternary phosphonium cations and phosphorus-containing anions, and their use as lubricant additives,” U.S. Patent #10435642, October 8, 2019. [Licensed to Driven Racing Oil in 2019]
  4. J. Qu, H.M. Luo, “Corrosion prevention of magnesium surfaces via surface conversion treatments using ionic liquids,” U.S. Patent #9,435,033, September 6, 2016.
  5. Z. Feng, J. Qu, M.L. Santella, T.Y. Pan, A.D. Roche, Y.U. Sheng-Tao, “Method of making nanoparticle reinforced metal matrix components,” U.S. Patent #9,023,128, May 5, 2015.
  6. C. Higdon, A.A. Elmoursi, J. Goldsmith, B. Cook, P.J. Blau, J. Qu, R. Milner, “Ion beam sputter target and method of manufacture,” U.S. Patent #8,821,701, August 13, 2014.
  7. J. Qu, H.T. Lin, P.J. Blau, V.K. Sikka, “Titanium aluminide intermetallic alloys with improved wear resistance,” U.S. Patent #8,771,439 B2, July 8, 2014.
  8. J.A. Ambrose, G. Mackiewicz-Ludtka, V.K. Sikka, J. Qu, “Oven rack having integral lubricious, dry porcelain surface,” US Patent #8,739,773 B2, June 3, 2014.
  9. J. Qu, S. Dai, and H. Luo, "Method for synthesis of titanium dioxide nanotubes using ionic liquids," U.S. Patent #8,585,886, November 19, 2013.
  10. J. Qu, J.J. Truhan, S. Dai, H. Luo, P.J. Blau, “Lubricants or lubricant additives composed of ionic liquids containing ammonium cations,” U.S. Patent #7,754,664, July 13, 2010.− The first granted U.S. patent in the topic of ionic liquid lubrication.
  11. J. Qu, C. Kumara, P.A. Menchhofer, “Superlubricity coating containing carbon nanotubes,” U.S. Patent Application, 17/090,216, November 5, 2020.