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Wire directed energy deposition of steel-aluminum structures using cold metal transfer process

Publication Type
Journal Name
Journal of Materials Research and Technology
Publication Date
Page Numbers
4537 to 4546

In this study, a sharp transition from 316L stainless steel to 4043 aluminum alloy was fabricated using wire directed energy deposition (DED) via the cold metal transfer (CMT) process. The CMT process with its inherently low heat input, led to a significant reduction in intermetallic thickness at the bi-metallic interface compared to blown powder DED technique reported in the literature resulting in superior properties when compared to those of dissimilar steel-aluminum welds. Thermo-kinetic modeling confirmed that the intermetallic formation is through a classical nucleation and growth mechanism, and the fraction and thickness can be controlled by adjusting CMT process parameters to kinetically arrest or minimize the intermetallic formation. These findings underscore the efficacy of CMT-based wire DED for fabrication of steel-aluminum bi-metallic structures.