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Study of Chromium Migration in a Nickel-Based Alloy Using Polarized Neutron Reflectometry and Rutherford Backscattering Spect...

Publication Type
Journal Name
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Publication Date
Page Numbers
605 to 610

Haynes 230 nickel alloy is one of the main contenders for salt containment in the design of thermal energy storage systems based on molten salts. A key problem for these systems is understanding the corrosion phenomena at the alloy–salt interface, and, in particular, the role played by chromium in these processes. In this study, thin films of Haynes 230, which is also rich in chromium, were measured with polarized neutron reflectometry and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry as a function of annealing temperature. Migration of chromium to the surface was observed for films annealed at 400 and 600 °C. Combining the two techniques determined that more than 60% of chromium comprising the as-prepared Haynes 230 layer moves to the surface when annealed at 600 °C, where it forms an oxide layer.