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Structural analyses of amorphous calcium carbonate before and after removing strontium ions from an aqueous solution...

Publication Type
Journal Name
Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Publication Date
Page Numbers
225 to 231

Amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) is a precursor of crystalline calcium carbonate; hence, its structural information at the atomic level is very important for controlling the morphology of crystalline calcium carbonate. In this study, we attempted to elucidate the process of Sr extraction from aqueous solution by using ACC for the purpose of removal of radioactive Sr from the contaminated water leaked after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. The pair distribution functions, g(r) obtained by X-ray and neutron diffraction (ND) measurements show that ACC has a structure partially similar to that of monohydrocalcite, suggesting that ACC is transferred to the crystalline calcium carbonate starting from its crystal nucleus. Rietveld analysis of the ND data showed that the ACC that removed Sr was crystallized to calcite. However, the Sr–O coordination analyzed using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) implies that the local environment of O around Sr is similar to that in crystalline calcium carbonate aragonite.