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The role of Cr concentration and temperature on cavity swelling with co-injected helium in dual-ion irradiated Fe and Fe-Cr a...

Publication Type
Journal Name
Materials & Design
Publication Date
Page Numbers
111134 to 111134

The level of chromium plays an essential role in irradiation tolerance of Fe-Cr ferritic alloys. However, conflicting results have been reported regarding the dependence of cavity swelling under irradiation on Cr level and temperature. Here, we have performed a comprehensive set of simultaneous dual-ion (Ni + He) irradiations to high dose (∼30 displacements per atom, dpa) at 400–550 °C on a series of ultra-high purity Fe and Fe-Cr binary alloys (3–14 wt.%Cr). Helium co-implantation rates of 0.1 and 10 appm He/dpa were selected to examine He synergistic effects relevant for fission and fusion reactor conditions, respectively. Cavities were observed in all irradiated samples by transmission electron microscopy. The results show that higher He implantation rate causes a shift in the swelling peak to higher temperatures in both Fe and Fe-Cr alloys. When assuming smaller cavities as biased sinks, the non-monotonic nature of the cavity swelling behavior is related to the ratio of biased to unbiased point defect sink strengths. Cr-enriched precipitates were observed in Fe-14Cr irradiated at 400 °C by atom probe tomography. Our analysis suggests the formation of Cr-enriched precipitates could suppress cavity swelling for Fe-Cr alloys with Cr content above 10 wt%.