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Raman Spectroscopy

by Jisue Braatz, Meijun Li, Anibal J Ramirez Cuesta, Zili Wu
Publication Type
Book Chapter
Publication Date
Page Numbers
75 to 110
Publisher Name
Springer Nature
Publisher Location
Cham, Switzerland

Raman spectroscopy is one of the mostly utilized optical spectroscopic tools for revealing both the catalyst structure and surface chemistry in heterogeneous catalysis. It has recently seen increasing role in catalysis research, thanks to the development of new Raman instrumentations, reactors, and combination with other techniques, leading to in situ and operando studies with significant temporal and spatial resolutions. This chapter aimed to provide a general overview of the applications of Raman spectroscopy in heterogeneous catalysis. It starts with an introduction to the fundamentals of Raman scattering including theory and pros and cons for catalysis research; followed by a description of the typical setup of a Raman system and recent advances in Raman instrumentations; then a chronology of the applications of Raman spectroscopy for ex situ, in situ, and operando studies of catalysis; elucidations of the advances in improving the temporal and spatial resolution of Raman spectroscopy of catalysis; Raman application case studies related to catalyst synthesis, treatments, and function under reaction conditions; illustrations of the power of multimodal approach including Raman spectroscopy in catalysis research; and ended with a brief summary and a future outlook.