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Laboratory-based validation of the baseline sensors of the ITER diagnostic residual gas analyzer

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Journal Name
Journal of Instrumentation
Publication Date
Conference Name
ECPD 2017 -- 2nd European Conference on Plasma Diagnostics
Conference Location
Bordeaux, France
Conference Date

ABSTRACT. The divertor-specific ITER Diagnostic Residual Gas Analyzer will provide essential information relating to DT fusion plasma performance. This includes pulse-resolving measurements of the fuel isotopic mix reaching the pumping ducts, as well as the concentration of the helium generated as the ash of the fusion reaction. In the present baseline design, the cluster of sensors attached to this diagnostic's differentially pumped analysis chamber assembly includes a radiation compatible version of a commercial quadrupole mass spectrometer, as well as an optical gas analyzer using a plasma-based light excitation source. This paper reports on a laboratory study intended to validate the performance of this sensor cluster, with emphasis on the detection limit of the isotopic measurement. This validation study was carried out in a laboratory set-up that closely prototyped the analysis chamber assembly configuration of the baseline design. This includes an ITER-specific placement of the optical gas measurement downstream from the first turbine of the chamber's turbo-molecular pump, such as to provide of sufficient light emission, while preserving the gas dynamics conditions that allow for ~1s response time for sensor cluster [1].