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Improving Strain-localized GaSe Single Photon Emitters with Electrical Doping

Publication Type
Journal Name
Nano Letters
Publication Date
Page Numbers
9740 to 9747

Exciton localization through nanoscale strain has been used to create highly efficient single-photon emitters (SPEs) in 2D materials. However, the strong Coulomb interactions between excitons can lead to nonradiative recombination through exciton–exciton annihilation, negatively impacting SPE performance. Here, we investigate the effect of Coulomb interactions on the brightness, single photon purity, and operating temperatures of strain-localized GaSe SPEs by using electrostatic doping. By gating GaSe to the charge neutrality point, the exciton–exciton annihilation nonradiative pathway is suppressed, leading to ∼60% improvement of emission intensity and an enhancement of the single photon purity g(2)(0) from 0.55 to 0.28. The operating temperature also increased from 4.5 K to 85 K consequently. This research provides insight into many-body interactions in excitons confined by nanoscale strain and lays the groundwork for the optimization of SPEs for optoelectronics and quantum photonics.