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Human–Machine Shared Control for Path Following Considering Driver Fatigue Characteristics

Publication Type
Journal Name
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 15

Fatigue driving has been regarded as one of the most important factors that cause traffic accidents. This paper proposes a robust human-machine shared control strategy to improve the vehicle performance for different driver fatigue states. Firstly, the time-varying driver steering model is proposed to address the model mismatch caused by fatigue driving. And the driver fatigue evaluation system is established based on facial features to quantify driver fatigue levels. Based on the quantified fatigue levels, a novel strategy for allocating authorities of the driver and controller is developed for building the driver-vehicle interaction system. Then, to weaken the influence of parameter perturbations caused by the time-varying driver states, we design a fatigue-based shared controller through state feedback. The actuator saturation and system constraints are considered in the controller design through the robust set-invariance property to improve vehicle safety and driving comfort. The driver-in-the-loop platform is conducted to validate the effectiveness of the proposed shared steering controller. The experimental results show that the proposed strategy can adaptively optimize the human-machine authorities according to fatigue states and comprehensively improve vehicle performance.